Patients who are suffering from pain due to spinal conditions may want to consider less invasive options for treatment. While traditional spinal surgeries such as a laminectomy, spinal fusion or a microdiscectomy can provide relief, they may also have more complications and a longer recovery time as associated with many open or minimally invasive procedures. Alternatively, the least invasive option of endoscopic spine surgery can be used to treat:

  • Herniated discs
  • Protruding discs
  • Extruded discs
  • Bulging discs
  • Disc tears
  • Irritation of spinal nerves
  • Certain types of pain in the back and legs

With the right diagnosis and diagnostic injections, an experienced spinal surgeon can determine the cause of your pain and use the right method of endoscopic spinal surgery to provide relief without the complications or post-operative care of a traditional surgery.


An endoscopic discectomy is an outpatient procedure. You’ll only need to have local anesthesia and requires only a tiny incision. Learn more about endoscopic spine surgery to see if it’s the right option to treat your back pain.

Endoscopic spine surgery requires an incision that is only 1/4 inch long. The incision is made in the muscle of the back, resulting in less scarring, greater retention of spinal mobility, and faster recovery time.

Conditions Treated By Endoscopic Spine Surgery

  • Arthritis and Bone Spurs of the Spine
  • Failed Back Surgery
  • Facet Joint Syndrome
  • Bulging Disc
  • Chronic Back Spasms
  • Discogenic Back Pain
  • Chronic Axial Back Pain
  • Spondylolisthesis (slipping of the Vertebra)
  • Herniated Disc
  • Radiculitis or Radiculopathy
  • Sciatica
  • Foraminal Stenosis (Narrowing of the Spinal Canal)

Advantages vs Traditional Spinal Surgery

  • Uses the smallest incision in spinal surgery, just 1/4 inch
  • There is less scar tissue formed
  • A high-definition camera gives the surgeon a clear, up close view of the damage in the spine
  • Uses local anesthesia, eliminating the risks of general anesthesia
  • Less reliance on narcotic pain medication thanks to less post-surgical pain
  • Patients can resume their normal activities faster and return to work faster

Types of Endoscopic Procedures

Endoscopic Foraminalplasty

  • Used to treat:
    • Degenerative disc
    • Foraminal stenosis
    • Facet disease.
  • As the space between the facets of the disc get smaller, the natural opening in the spin for the nerves narrows. This can compress the nerves inside and cause pain. This endoscopic technique uses microscopic surgical instruments to remove some of the bone to open up the foramen. This relieves the pressure on the nerves
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Transforaminal Endoscopic Discectomy

  • Used to treat:
    • Herniated discs
    • Bulging discs
    • Protruded discs
    • Extruded discs
  • Using an endoscope to decompress the disc, the doctor relieves the pressure on the spinal nerve causing the patient’s pain.
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Endoscopic Thermal Annuloplasty

  • Used to treat:
    • Tears in the annular wall of the disc
  • Tears in the annual wall of the disc can cause severe pain as nerves begin to grow in the tears. This procedure allows the doctor to search for these tears using a high-definition camera, then treat them with a laser probe to ablate the nerve and close up the tear, eliminating painful symptoms.
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Endoscopic Rhizotomy

  • Used to treat:
    • Chronic axial back pain
  • Patients with this condition may be fine with leaning forward, but experience severe pain and spasms when they lean backwards. Candidates for this endoscopic spine surgery may have had temporary relief from a percutaneous medial branch rhizotomy. The spine surgeon will use a probe to ablate the medial branch nerve, providing better long-term results than with a percutaneous rhizotomy.
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